The Ministry of Human Resource Development announced the National Education Policy 2020 on July 30, 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, announced the NEP-2020. It is the first comprehensive policy after the one issued in 1986, aims to eliminate problems of the education system and disparity.
There is no doubt that our previous system needed changes. The schools have recorded inadequate results and failed to lower the dropout rates in middle school and the achievement of ambitions in high school. Around 2 lakhs suggestions were taken while drafting NEP and there is still a long way to go. The partial formulation of the policy is ongoing. And the Union cabinet has only approved it. Further, for enforcing it needs to be passed by the Parliament of India too. The prediction is to implement it from session 2020-2021. Here are the announced changes explained :
The previous system of 10+2 will be converted into a 5+3+3+4 form. The first 5 years will be considered as the foundation stage. In this, starting 3years will be preprimary, and then 1st and 2nd class. The burden of books will be reduced and various new ways will be introduced by NCERT.
During the next 3 years, 3rd, 4th, and 5th class the focus will be on future preparatory stage with vocational subjects like science, math, social studies and humanities. Also, studies till 5th standard can be done in a the local or national language, there will be no compulsion to study in English. English will only be taught as a subject.
The further 3 years will be called the middle stage from class 6th to 8th. The decided curriculum as per preference will be divided and taught from 6th class onwards. The students will be able to learn coding and software application programming from the 6th standard. They will be given practical training in the field of their choice and will be allowed to do an internship for the same.
The last 4 years of schooling that will be the secondary stage, from standard 9th to 12th. In this, the analytical thinking capacity will be enhanced so that they can figure out their future aim. The stream system will be eliminated and the students will be free to study the subject which they desire.
The conduct of 9th to 12th class exams will be based on the semester system. Semester exams will be conducted at the end of every 6 months in a year. And the final mark sheet will be made by adding up the total marks from the 2 semesters. The board appearing students will be given some concession as the result of their assessments will be made based on all achievements. The students will be given overall markings from different fields and the chosen subjects too. Giving marks will not be done by teachers but from their classmates and themselves too. Thus, this will be an overall and self-assessed progress report.
If a student is not able to score good marks in school and couldn’t meet the cut off percentage for a college, they can appear for a common entrance test. They can score a good rank and can take admission in the desired college.
“Multiple entry and exit system” will be in use, so that one can freely opt-out as per their wish. The phases of graduation will be divided into four steps:
After completing 1st year a certificate will be provided, after 2nd year a diploma certificate will be provided. After completion of 3rd year, a bachelor’s degree will be provided and if 4th year completed, then both research certificates and bachelor’s degree will be provided. In colleges too, the students can opt for different subjects for studying as per their interests.
Multiple courses can also be pursued and the scores will be added up as per the completion of these courses. It will be totaled as credit, in the Credit Bank. The complete procedure will be online digitally.
The top Universities from different parts of the world will be facilitated to open colleges in India. Studying the language Sanskrit will also be emphasized and humanities will be additionally taught in all the renowned universities and institutions. The fees the structure will also be revised with the enforcement of NEP. From the implementation of this, the 6% GDP will be spent on the education policy. Which will be higher than before. The Union Cabinet has decided to change the name of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to the Ministry of Education.
A major change has been seen after 34years and yet a fruitful one. The total importance is being laid on the vocational training and giving students a broader scope to study without bounding in limited subjects. Many of the graduates might be jealous of the students who are in school right now! But everything comes with some drawbacks too, this new system will have some too. Many of the things are still under process to be changed or to be revised under this policy. Some needs like the importance of the English language is unseen. This is needed because the language of English keeps us easily connected worldwide. And along with the change in system and education policy and the infrastructure needs attention.
So the final the outcome can only be seen after it comes into force. And some points are yet to be finalized under this policy and a lot is to be implemented too.